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Glossary

3 terms

Politburo (中国共产党中央政治局)

Executive committee of the Communist party of China. The committee is the main policy making mechanism of the party. The president of China is usually the leader of the party and the Chairman of the committee.

Premier of the PRC (中华人民共和国国务院总理)

The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, sometimes also referred to informally as the "Prime Minister", is the Leader of the State Council of China (the "Central People's Government" constitutionally since 1954), who is the head of government and holds the highest rank (Level 1) in the Civil Service. This position was originally known as Premier of the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government (中央人民政府政务院总理) and changed to its current name in 1954.

President of the PRC (中华人民共和国主席)

The President of the People's Republic of China is the head of state of the People's Republic of China. Under the PRC's constitution, the presidency is a largely ceremonial office with limited powers. However, since 1993, as a matter of convention, the presidency has been held simultaneously by the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, the top leader in the one party system.  The office is officially regarded as an institution of the state rather than an administrative post; theoretically, the President serves at the pleasure of the National People's Congress, the legislature, and is not legally vested to take executive action on its own prerogative.